Gale eBooks is a collection of full-text e-books including encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference books in biography, history, literature, medicine, and more.
Credo Reference contains dictionaries, general and subject encyclopedias, biographies, handbooks, atlases, and more.
JSTOR contains hundreds of scholarly journals from all disciplines. Full text coverage varies by journal.
American political, military, social, and cultural history, with expanded coverage of American women’s history and U.S. government.
500 years of African-American history.
American Indian History
15,000 years of American Indian history and culture.
Minnesota History is a peer-reviewed magazine, begun in 1915 and published by the Minnesota Historical Society Press.
Online Archive & Index
Print Archive & Index
Normandale Library owns print issues from 1925-present; ask for issues at the Circulation Desk. A print index for vols. 1-10 (1915-1929) is available in the Reference area of the Library, REF F601 .I53 1915-1929.
Minnesota Historical Society: Collections Online
A searchable database of photographs, art and posters covering Minnesota history.
Minnesota History Center LibGuides
These guides will help you find sources (primary and secondary) for a variety of topics related to Minnesota history.
Digital Public Library of America
The Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) is a freely available collection of resources from libraries, archives, and museums. Search by theme, location, or era.
HathiTrust Digital Library
Digital collections of the libraries of major research universities.
Archives Unbound includes topically-focused digital collections of primary source material. These historical documents support research in history, political science, ethnic studies, and more. Normandale Library has access to three collections: The American Indian Movement and Native American Radicalism, The Black Liberation Army and the Program of Armed Struggle, and “We Were Prepared for the Possibility of Death”: Freedom Riders in the South, 1961.
Minnesota Reflections, a product of the Minnesota Digital Library, contains more than 80,000 Images/library, maps, and documents from more than 125 of the state's cultural heritage organizations, offering resources on Minnesota history and geography.
Minnesota Historical Newspaper Hub
Full-text issues of Minnesota Newspapers dated back to 1849 and up to 1925).
Chronicling America Chronicling America is a product of the Library of Congress. Look to the left of the main search bar to narrow your results by state and date.
Refining Your Topic
Use this guide from Golden Gate University for addtional tips and information for refining your topic.
Can be Qualitative or Quantitative Data
Examples: Diaries, speeches, photographs, census data, and other government documents, newspaper articles
Secondary Sources: Produced after the event and analyze or interpret in some way.
Examples: biographies, scholarly Articles, encyclopedias, newspapers
Call or e-mail a librarian if you need further research assistance. We're happy to help!(952) 358-8290
David Vrieze Daniels
Library Faculty - Reference & Instruction
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Your question may be directed to a librarian from another college when Normandale librarians are unavailable.
In order to access databases and other Library resources from off campus, login with your StarID and password when prompted. Off-campus access to library databases is only available to current Normandale students, staff, and faculty.
Consider the source's –
A = Author
P = Publication
P = Point of View
S = Sources
A guide to Chicago-style citations (both footnote-bibliography and author-date). Each example shows a full note, shortened note, and bibliography entry.
Creating a Chicago-style Bibliography
This page explains how to format and write a Chicago-style bibliography. This other page on the website shows how to insert and shorten footnotes, and how to cite the same resource multiple times.